The present Government came to office with the promise of a Minister for Mental Health which was duly delivered. Then came the Commission. I have to give my opinion that the latter has been a retrograde step. The Commission grudgingly appointed its first psychiatrist after two years’ operation, surely a token appointment without meaning any criticism to my distinguished one-time registrar who was appointed. The stated policy is to shift resources from professional systems to the amateur ones of the Non-Government Organisations.
It is very reasonable to provide housing and support to discharged patients but not at the cost of proper treatment. Imagine if resources were taken away from surgery or cardiology to provide amateur attention to their patients with cutbacks in operations or angiography. The thinking being fed into the Commission of amateurs ranges from naive to bizarre. It can certainly be characterised as anti-psychiatry.
Meanwhile people are suffering from lack of beds and, in my view more importantly, the professional services of the Community Mental Health clinics which have a real hope of lessening the need for expensive beds.
The Stokes Review conducted last year suggests that there are enough hospital beds, and this has been promoted by the Government as evidence for the adequacy of current services. However the Review was not conducted to assess adequacy of available beds, and it relies on flawed data from the Tolkein II report, which misrepresents the picture in Western Australia because of the relative abundance of old-age acute beds and shortage of acute adult beds.
Currently, for each of the seven catchment areas of authorised hospitals, at any given time there are 5-10 patients in Emergency departments, and 15-25 in the community awaiting a bed. So a conservative estimate is that there are 150 mental health patients in Perth awaiting a hospital bed at any given time.
In response to this, the Government has opened a 22-bed facility in Joondalup, operated by a Non-Government agency (NGO) which will not be fully operational until the end of 2013. A further unit is planned for Rockingham.
It is safe to say that these facilities will not greatly improve access to hospital beds, as:
- There are too few NGO beds (say 44, whilst the wait list is 150)
- Many of the NGO beds will be taken up with current unmet need in community
- Few of the patients awaiting hospital beds will be suitable for an NGO place. After all, they have been assessed by their treating clinicians as needing acute clinical inpatient service
- There may be a few patients at most mental health inpatient units who could leave hospital early to go to an NGO bed. This will be counteracted by the increase in ED presentations when things go wrong in these units. Having no psychiatric staff, there will be no alternative but to send these patients to the nearest ED.
The efficacy of these NGO units will be very readily measurable within 4-6 months of them becoming operational, but this will not be until the end of 2013. And for the reasons given above, even when up and running, they are unlikely to improve the wait list to an acceptable number.
Patients who need a hospital bed are suffering, languishing in the ED or at home with pressure on family and carers and attendant risks. They will not be helped by the new NGO-run units.
The Government expresses great pride in its 4 Hour Rule that 90 per cent of patients are able to be moved to an appropriate bed within four hours of assessment in Emergency departments.
What is not said is that the shortage of mental health beds is so severe that the rule is (quietly) ignored with waits of days being common for this group of patients for whom the ED in the most unhealthy environment.
We should have enough acute beds so that the 4 Hour Rule should also apply to mental health patients. The current proportion discharged in four hours is much closer to zero.
How could one dispute an aim for the number of mental health beds that would allow patients the same standards as those with any other illness?
If psychiatrists are so evil, the anti-psychiatry movement will soon get its possibly unintended wish and eliminate them from the public system.
Already very few newly-qualified psychiatrists stay in the system of which they have had poor experiences over five years.
There is increasing attrition of employed psychiatrists, all into the private system. Here is the irony – the supposed enemies of the people in the public system will find that there are many patients prepared to pay money for their attention in the private one.
It gets worse. Fewer psychiatrists in the public system means less supervisors for new trainees who are increasingly applying now. A particular bottleneck has been child psychiatry with difficulty managing a blockage in this compulsory part of training.
We survive with the large numbers of overseas-trained psychiatrists who were the subject of racist slurs in the media. They are valued colleagues and we are lucky to have them but most are unable to participate in training.
It is time for the Commission to look at the professional aspects of care of the mentally ill and not be diverted onto useful but secondary aspects of care, which are no use if people do not get better in the first place.
Professor Paul Skerritt, Psychiatrist and former AMA (WA) President.